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Storage plant fish catch

Storage plant fish catch

The cooperative has members of whom are artisanal fishermen and the rest are small-scale fish processors dried-salted, smoked and fermented fish. The marketing of fresh fish and fishery products is one of the main problems facing this fishing community. The cooperative's target is to improve the welfare of its members through improved fishing, fish marketing and processing of their fishery products. After an initial training programme on cooperatives and continuous efforts to encourage membership throughout the fishing communities in the area, a cooperative marketing development plan was implemented by the cooperative's members. The main objectives of this marketing development plan were to:. The cooperative encouraged its members to participate in a fish collection programme.

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VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Fishing and processing on a freezing trawler.

Introduction This note summarizes the main ways in which fish is handled, processed and distributed in Britain, both at sea and on shore. It is principally written for those concerned in industrial training; more detailed information on particular aspects of fish handling and processing is given in other notes in this series, and the reader is referred to some of these where appropriate.

The principles and practice of handling and processing are dealt with at length in the book Fish Handling and Processing, Second Edition edited by G. The topics outlined in this note include the handling of wet fish, smoked fish, frozen fish, dried and salted fish, canned fish and shellfish, and the manufacture of fish meal and other byproducts. Handling wet fish Much of the fish landed in Britain is preserved by chilling in ice from the time it is caught until it reaches the consumer.

Fish preserved in this way is known as wet fish. A growing proportion of the catch is frozen at sea immediately after capture, and considerable amounts of iced fish are frozen at the ports after landing; these operations are described under freezing and cold storage.

White fish, that is those species in which most of the fat is in the liver and the flesh is lean, are handled in much the same way on all sizes of vessel. The catch is released from the net on to the deck, gutted immediately, washed, and stowed with ice in boxes or compartments below deck. Gutting of round fish like cod, haddock and whiting means slitting the belly from throat to vent, removing the liver and cutting out the guts to leave the belly cavity empty.

This operation is traditionally done by hand with a knife, but gutting machines are coming into use on both large and small ships to make the task of the fisherman easier.

Gutting helps to preserve the fish by removing the main source of spoilage bacteria and digestive juices which attack the flesh of the fish after death. On the larger fishing vessels the livers are cooked in steam boilers to extract the liver oil, but on small boats the livers are discarded with other offal. The gutted fish are washed to remove traces of blood and debris, and to wash away most of the bacteria present on the skin and in the gills of the fish.

The washing equipment on small boats may be simply a hose and an open mesh basket, but on large trawlers a more sophisticated washing tank with circulating water is in general use. In these washers the fish are discharged over a weir and down a chute to the fishroom below deck. Fishrooms for iced fish are mainly of two types, either an undivided hold in which the catch is stowed in boxes, or a hold divided by partitions into a number of sections called pounds in which the catch is stowed on portable shelves.

About one part of ice to three parts of fish by weight is required to protect fish for up to 5 days; one part of ice to two of fish is needed for longer voyages. White fish, promptly gutted, washed, and stowed in ample ice, will keep in first class condition for days, become stale after days, and are unlikely to be edible after days.

Boxed stowage is usual on smaller fishing vessels, and the practice of boxing is gradually being extended to larger ships, since the method has a number of advantages including delivery of the fish to the merchant undisturbed by rehandling at the port market, ease of identification of size, species and time in ice, and avoidance of damage and loss of weight during stowage.

Ice plants, particularly older ones at the larger ports, supply crushed block ice to fishing vessels, but more recently built plants, particularly at smaller ports where ice was not locally available in the past, usually deliver small, smooth pieces of ice known as flake ice. Flake ice is normally bulkier than crushed block ice, but weight for weight the cooling capacity of all types of ice, made by any method and from hard or soft fresh water, is the same. The fish are cooled when heat is absorbed by the surrounding ice, which is thus melted.

Further cooling is obtained when the cold meltwater trickles down between the fish. To this end, most fishrooms on large vessels are completely insulated, and fishrooms on small boats often have partial insulation.

Mechanical refrigeration plants are installed on one or two inshore vessels and on some, but by no means all, larger ones; their main purpose is to conserve ice on the outward voyage, and to keep the fishroom air cool during fishing; they have little or no direct effect on the stowed fish, which depend for cooling almost entirely on the surrounding ice. Fatty fish, like herring, sprats, mackerel and pilchards, i.

They are usually put below straight from the net, and iced in boxes. The keeping time of fatty fish in ice is much less than for white fish; the attack by bacteria and digestive juices is much more rapid because the fish are ungutted, and the fat absorbs oxygen to produce rancid flavours and odours.

Herring for example are normally required to be in the hands of the port processors within days after catching to give a first class product, although for some outlets it is possible to keep herring with a low fat content for days in ice.

Stowage at sea in refrigerated sea water is a possible alternative to ice as a means of rapidly cooling large quantities of small fatty fish, although the method is not yet in general use in the UK. The following Advisory Notes, expand the information on handling wet fish at sea: 4 Take care of your catch; 7 The protection of wood in fishrooms, by J. Waterman; 11 Handling inshore fish, by J. Waterman; 15 Bulking, shelfing or boxing?

Waterman; 21 Which kind of ice is best? Waterman; 32 Superchilling, by J. Waterman and D. Taylor; 33 The cod, by J. Waterman; 42 Fish for caterers and friers, by J. Early and R. Malton; 44 Handling fish before canning, by R. McLay; 47 Handling and processing saithe, by J. Smith and R. Most of the large ports are on the east coast, including the three biggest.

Hull, Grimsby and Aberdeen. At a few remote landing places, particularly on the west coast of Scotland, where no local processing facilities are available, the catches are discharged and consigned by road to the processing centres on the east coast. Comparatively small amounts of white fish are dispatched unprocessed, repacked in fresh ice, to inland destinations but most white fish is filleted in premises at, the port.

Although machines are available for filleting most species, a large proportion of the catch, particularly when handled by the smaller processing firms, is still filleted by hand. The fillets, which constitute roughly per cent by weight of the gutted whole fish, are either packed in ice in non-returnable boxes and sent to inland wholesalers and retailers, or are further processed at the port, mainly by smoking or freezing, or both.

A high proportion of the herring catch goes to the kipper trade, and herring for this outlet is split or filleted by machine for making kippers and kipper fillets respectively. The traditional container for inland carriage of fillets has been the non-returnable wooden box, mainly in units of 7 and 14 lb, but this has been superseded in many large firms by a waterproof fibreboard box and, to a lesser extent, by an expanded polystyrene box, which has some advantage as an insulated container but is more susceptible to damage due to rough handling during transit.

Fish is nowadays mostly carried by road transport from the ports and the biggest companies have their own fleets of insulated and refrigerated vehicles carrying fish either to inland distribution depots or direct to customers, while many smaller merchants at the ports share a long-distance transport pool. Although the better carriers use vehicles with adequate insulation, often supplemented by mechanical cooling units, some fish is still carried under less satisfactory conditions on open lorries; much greater reliance has then to be placed on ice and on the insulating properties of the boxes to protect the contents during distribution.

Most retailers keep the bulk of their supplies in chillrooms on the premises and only display a selection on ice, often in refrigerated cabinets. The following Advisory Notes expand the information on handling wet fish on shore: 1 The care of the fishmongers fish, by G.

Burgess; 3 The handling of wet fish during distribution;, 10 Fishworking premises - materials and design, by J. Waterman; 12 Fish display in retail shops; 16 Non-returnable fish boxes, by J. Wignall; 17 Measures, stowage rates and yields of fishery products, by J. Malton; 45 Cleaning in the fish industry, by I. Tatterson and M. Smoked fish Fish is smoked nowadays mainly to give it a pleasant flavour rather than to preserve it. Present day products are therefore only lightly salted and smoked and will not remain edible for much more than a week at ordinary temperatures.

The smoking process consists of passing wood smoke over the surface of the fish, in a kiln. Typical smoked products are the finnan haddock, smoked cod fillet, the golden cutlet and the kipper.

Some hot smoked products in this country are sprats, eels, trout, buckling made from herring, and Arbroath smokies made from small haddocks. Two types of smoking kiln are in general use, the traditional chimney kiln and the Torry mechanical kiln. It is estimated that more than half of the smoked fish made in Britain is now produced in mechanical kilns, and the proportion is continually increasing.

Before smoking, the fish are immersed in a brine solution. This assists in removing some of the water in the fish, thus tending to firm the flesh. The salt imparts a flavour to the product, but concentration and purity of the salt are extremely important and require to be carefully controlled. A 70 to 80 per cent saturated brine is used in most modern smoke cures.

A traditional kiln Following the salting treatment, pre-drying of the fish is required in order to remove some of the moisture prior to smoking.

For this purpose, the fish are hung to drip on open racks. The source of smoke is almost universally a smouldering fire of hardwood chips and sawdust; although more sophisticated smoke producers have been made from time to time, and are used for smoking other foods, these have so far made little impact on the fish trade. In the traditional chimney kiln, the open fires are at the base of a tall, brick-built structure in which the fish are hung on rails of various types called banjoes, speats or tenters, and thus exposed to the rising smoke and warm air.

The repositioning of the fish during smoking and eventual removal of the finished products are slow hand operations which require the services of a skilled craftsman in order to produce a satisfactory article. In the mechanical kiln, the fires are contained in separate fireboxes, and the smoke is blown horizontally through trolleys holding fish in the kiln; the fish may be hung on rails or laid on trays, either of which are supported in the trolley.

The temperature and speed of the mixture of smoke and air is carefully controlled to give a uniform product throughout the kiln in a much shorter time than is possible in the chimney kiln. Fish handling is much reduced using the mechanical kiln which can also readily be incorporated in the factory production line.

Partial drying as well as smoke deposition is an essential part of the smoke curing process; typically a kipper which should lose about 14 per cent in weight during smoking will require hours in a traditional kiln, but only 4 hours in a mechanical one. Most cold smoked fish products are only lightly coloured by the smoke, and so a permitted dye is normally added to the brine bath through which the fish pass before going into the kiln, in order to enhance the appearance of the finished product.

A Torry mechanical kiln The following Advisory Notes expand the information given on smoked fish: 5 Recommendations for the preparation of smoked salmon, by A. Bannerman and J. Horne; 9 Smoked white fish - recommended practice for producers; 14 Smoked fish - recommended practice for retailers; 37 Catching, handling and processing eels, by J.

Horne and K. Birnie; 48 Kippers, by A. Burgess and A. Bannerman, published by HMSO Freezing and cold storage of fish It is perfectly feasible to keep fresh fish for many months without perceptible change in the eating quality by rapidly freezing it soon after catching and then storing it at a suitably low and constant temperature.

With this method of preservation, the thawed product is virtually indistinguishable from the best fresh fish. Freezing has revolutionized the fish processing industry in Britain since the Second World War. FREEZING FISH Heat is removed from the fish in the freezing process either by surrounding the fish with a stream of cold air, by placing the fish in contact with a cold surface or by spraying with certain liquid refrigerants.

Three main types of freezing plant are used that employ these techniques, the air blast freezer, the plate freezer and the immersion freezer. The air blast freezer is essentially a tunnel in which a fast-moving stream of very cold air is blown over the fish, which are placed on trolleys or on a moving belt. The air blast freezer is most suitable for a wide range of sizes of fish, and for products of irregular shape.

The plate freezer is more compact than the air blast freezer, and is most useful for handling fish products that are uniform in thickness and that have a reasonably flat surface which can make good contact with the cold plates. Two versions of the plate freezer are in general commercial use, the horizontal and the vertical types.

The horizontal plate freezer, used mainly in land installations, handles many of the catering and retail fish products that are already packed in cartons prior to freezing. Trays of packs are slid between pairs of horizontal plates, the plates are closed tightly on to the packs by hydraulic pressure to make good contact, and a cold refrigerant is circulated through serpentine passages within the plates; a retail pack 3 cm thick takes about an hour to freeze.

Introduction This note summarizes the main ways in which fish is handled, processed and distributed in Britain, both at sea and on shore. It is principally written for those concerned in industrial training; more detailed information on particular aspects of fish handling and processing is given in other notes in this series, and the reader is referred to some of these where appropriate.

With more than 1, company-housed employees during peak seasons, Akutan sustains a year-round, multi-species frozen seafood operation capable of processing more than 3 million pounds of raw fish per day. The beach crew employs about 35 people during the summer months, and processing operations are conducted offshore aboard a modern freezer vessel. Fresh sockeye and king salmon from the Copper River dominate production in May and early June. Peak seasonal employment at the two plants is upwards of workers.


The satisfaction of catching a fish and serving it for dinner is one of the most rewarding aspects of fishing. You can't get any fresher than fish straight out of the water, never frozen, it just tastes great! How you handle fish in the field will determine how tasty and safe they are to eat. Fish meat is very delicate and if not properly handled it will lose taste and texture very quickly and can spoil in a very short period of time.

Fish processing

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First, remember to keep a fish alive or chilled with ice from the time it's caught until it's stored. However, a whole fish can be kept for up to a day before cleaning, if it is iced or chilled. Once you have a clean fish and you have filleted or steaked to your liking, there are several ways to store it. But it is especially important after a fish is dressed, to ice it. Icing fish is also the best way to store fish for transport. Use an insulated cooler and leave the cooler's drain plug open so ice water will run out. Water spoils the flavor of the fish.

How to Store Fish

The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer. Although the term refers specifically to fish, in practice it is extended to cover any aquatic organisms harvested for commercial purposes, whether caught in wild fisheries or harvested from aquaculture or fish farming. Larger fish processing companies often operate their own fishing fleets or farming operations.

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One of the biggest challenges in the fish and seafood industry is the controlled cooling of freshly caught fish or seafood. Proper cooling directly after harvesting is the key factor for storing and transporting fish or other seafood over longer distances without losing quality and freshness. The most effective way to achieve this is to store the fish or seafood on ice. Due to the modular structure, the systems can be easily expanded and grow with the requirements. Thus, KTI offers solutions which, in addition to high efficiency, also bring further economic advantages. Adverse weather conditions or power outages can not affect the cooling of fish or seafood by ice. It is also a very safe way to maintain the cold chain — from catch to sale — to avoid losses from spoiled goods. Cooling the harvest solely by cold air damages the catch and dries it out. Ice keeps it fresh, moist, shiny, appetizing, thus maintaining a good market price. The extensive range of KTI ice plants is equally suitable for fishermen, fishmongers, fish processors and fish farms.

Descriptors: "Pumped storage, *Hydroelectric plants, "Trout, "Water temperature With the exception of one season, ice fishing catch rates ranged from

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Fish is a highly perishable food material due to its chemical nature and an average fish has the following composition. Although this is a generalized composition there is wide variation depending upon the species. After the fish is landed rapid deterioration will occur due to post mortem changes involving chemical, enzymatic or bacterial agencies. These reactions are particularly favoured by warm and humid climate. The distribution of fish landed is also difficult due to the distance between the main landing places and consumer centers. Hence fish has to reach the consumer as well as the processor by following proper handling and preservation techniques just from the catch.

European Union (EU) - Export requirements for fish and seafood

Fish and seafood produced in one part of the world should keep their fresh-like qualities in order to be consumed in a healthy and tasteful form in another part of the world. They need to be stored and processed in excellent conditions in cold or freezing storage. And Cantek offers you all these conditions. Non-settler primitive people living along the riverbanks and on the shores of seas and lakes learned how to catch fish by watching how other species hunted. Offering fish from water to the final consumption, without deteriorating the quality, is only possible through rapid cooling. The most practical and traditional way of doing this is to cover fish with ice. The fish cannot be separated from the ice from fishing to treatment and from transportation to the final market delivery.

Commercial fishing , the taking of fish and other seafood and resources from oceans, rivers, and lakes for the purpose of marketing them. In the early 21st century about million people were directly employed by the commercial fishing industry, and an estimated one billion people depended on fish as their primary source of animal protein.

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Fulfilled by Amazon indicates that this item is stored, packed and dispatched from Amazon fulfilment centres. Amazon directly handles delivery, customer service and returns.

Live products must come from a harvest area that also appears on this list. Harvest area s must be indicated on the EU health certificate exactly as they appear on the list. RTE foods able to support growth of Listeria monocytogenes and unable Table Note 6 to support growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Criteria apply to products placed on market during their shelf life.

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