There is three basic material you need to manufacture textile Thread, Yarn and Fiber. A Fiber is the basic raw material to produce yarn or thread. A textile Fiber could be natural or synthetic man-made. It is a silk fabric specially produced only in Japan but recently the reverse trend of importing this from China and Korea is increasing. The basic principle of knitting is that a single yarn which is formed into interlocking loops with the help of hooked needles.
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Textile, Textile Product, and Apparel Manufacturing IndustriesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Hemp fiber processing
Written by: Nitin Ajmera. Abstract: When textile assumes an additional function over and above the conventional purpose, it may be regarded as Smart Textile. And if this additional functionality changes with change in use conditions, then textile may be regarded as Active smart or intelligent textile. Clothing is one of the three basic human needs.
From primitive age, textile is used for clothing which was extended to household and domestic purpose with progressive civilization. Thousands of years ago textile is used in different forms such as sail cloth, tent, protective garments, ropes etc. A smart textile are materials and structures that sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli, such as those from mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, magnetic or other sources.
Textile science today stands on a novel, unexplored and a fantasy filled horizon. Textiles that can think for themselves! The idea itself is very progressive and in reality such textiles are a fact technically possible today and commercially viable tomorrow. These myriad sciences are blended with one another to produce fashionable textiles which make our lives comfortable and luxurious. The importance of these materials is so profound at some places e.
Like many post World War-I innovations, smart textiles were also invented to meet the demands of the military. For example, clothing that can change color to produce camouflage effects for protection was developed by the US army in collaboration with various industrial firms to meet military requirements. Smart textiles find applications in a plethora of fields.
Some of the principle ones are:. Recording of human breathing; a textile sensor in the form of a belt fastened around the patients chest, b a record of the breathing rhythm. Optical fiber sensors integrated into textiles:. A Fiber optics and sensors:. An optical fiber consists of a core e. The optical fiber is normally coated with a protective layer of an outside diameter of approximately micrometer.
Inside the fiber core, light rays incident on the core-cladding boundary at angles greater than the critical angle undergo total internal reflection and are guided through the core without refraction. The sensors made from optical fibers are small and flexible; they will not affect the structural integrity of the composite materials; and can be integrated with the reinforcing fabric to form the backbones in structures.
They are based on a technology that enables devices to be developed for sensing numerous physical stimuli of mechanical, acoustic, electric, magnetic and thermal natures. A number of sensors can be arranged along a single optical fiber by using wavelength-, frequency-, and time- and polarization- division techniques to form 1-, 2 or 3- dimensional distributed sensing systems.
B Optical sensors in textiles:. Fig 6-optical sensors. Fiber optic sensors are ideal components to be embedded in textiles structural composites for monitoring the manufacturing processes and internal health conditions. One expects smart textiles to be the next biggest revolution in the textile industry after the manufacturing of synthetic fibers.
On the manufacturing front, the textile industry in the past decade or so, has changed dramatically due to more attention on smart textiles. The western world today focuses extensively on research and applications of smart textiles compared to the classical ordinary clothing sectors.
In the next twenty years; the smart fiber sector is expected to scale astronomical heights so much so that they would become indispensable to human beings. On the commercial front, however, these textiles are still to realize aspirations of potential buyers who would like to have the product at reasonable prices. But that is quite natural since any new technology takes its own time to get fully commercialized. And the smart textile industry is hardly a decade old. It can be anticipated that this industry will have a huge market of its own, and the market will not be made entirely of the affluent class; in fact majority of consumers would be from the middle class world over.
Instead of cutting prices all the time, the textile industry should focus on delivering customized products with enhanced functionality features like say, smartness. The future does not lie in cutting costs all the time, but in being innovative at every process of product design.
The intelligent textile sector represents the 21 st century of fibers and fabrics and articles made from them. This segment is poised to rejuvenate the world textile sector completely in the coming few years. All in all, this field promises to have a very bright future and it is hoped that the products of this industry will make inroads into the households very soon. Desai A. Jayaram R. Singh M. Zhang X. Menezes E. Buschmann H. Eckman A. Tao X. Sastry U. Hoffmann I. Kolkmann A.
There are still some difficulties with shape memory materials that must be overcome before they can live up to their full potential. They are still relatively expensive to manufacture and machine compared to other materials such as steel and aluminum. Most of them have poor fatigue properties; this means that while under the same loading conditions i. Textile sutures:. Some types of surgical sutures may also be regarded as intelligent fibers.
A suture is a length of fiber used to tie blood vessels or to sew tissues together. Many types of sutures are described as absorbable materials: these are intelligent materials in that they hold the edges of the wound together until the wound has healed sufficiently.
Only then is the suture significantly absorbed into the bodys system. As the wound progressively heals, the tensile properties of the suture gradually diminish over a period of weeks. However the mass of the suture remains invariant over this period. Afterwards extensive hydrolysis occurs, with subsequent absorption into the bodys system.
The complete breakdown of the suture often occurs as long as months after it was originally applied. For this purpose, we would require biodegradable and biocompatible polymers exhibiting shape memory. A few types of sutures are made from the collagen of sheep or cattle intestine and are gradually degraded by enzymes in the body.
Many types of absorbable sutures, however, are made from synthetic polymers and are absorbed eventually into the body through hydrolysis of ester bonds in the polymer chains. A variety of polymers and copolymers have been used. Examples are:. Polylactic acid. The Datawear incorporates sensors at each of the body joints plotting their position on a graph, which can be calculated on a computer.
The sensors are made from conductive elastane. Datawear clothes consists a bunch of magnetic position sensors, the TCAS manufacturer system measures the angle of each of these joints to determine their absolute position i. The sensors can be placed to specifications for individual applications. The datawear body unit consists of jackets, trousers and gloves that are circuited or wired electronically for interaction with computer. The application of datawear is to track position of limbs in computer data, medical imaging, measurement, ergonomics, biomechanics, robotics and animation.
The whole body can be monitored by datawear, which has a particular relevance in the field of sports injuries and biomechanics. Sensors for recording human physiological parameters:. This clothing, also called life shirts, was popularised by the American Sensatex company, and is used as an undershirt. Optical fibres are spirally plaited into its structure. The whole undershirt has been made with a special weaving technique, in one piece, without any cuttings or seams.
The main task of this intelligent shirt is to monitor human physiological parameters such as temperature and heartbeat. It can be used with different textile sensors, not only optical sensors. It is also possible to include sensors into the textile structure to measure the presence of poisonous gases in the air. The sensors collect data into a central unit, and send it to the information centre.
Data transmission is wireless. When incorporated in textiles, such sensors can be used to sense various battlefield hazards like chemical, biological and other toxic substances warfare threats in real time.
The polyurethane-diacetylene copolymer can be used as the photochemical polymer for chemical sensor application. The passive cladding of the optic fiber is replaced with these sensitive materials, and the sensory system is integrated into textile structures. The pH sensitive sensors are developed and woven into the fabric of soldiers clothing Smart shirt is an intelligent clothing not restricted to military applications only developed by a team at Georgia Tech. Sundaresan Jayaraman, and now sold by the company Sensatex for detecting bullet wounds.
It functions like a computer, with optical and conductive fibers integrated into the garment. Plastic optical fibers woven in the seamless shirt are responsible for the detection of bullet wounds.
These optical wires are connected to a photo diode at one end and a laser at the other. Pulses of light are detected constantly by the diode, with the aid of other circuitry, any interruption of the light pulse to the diode helps to indicate the exact location of the bullets entry. The shirt also carries sensors for measuring temperatures, heart beat and respiration functions, along with a microphone and a hazardous gas detector.
The shirt monitors the wearers heart rate, EKG, respiration, temperature, and a host of vital functions, alerting the wearer or physician if there is a problem. The Smart Shirt also can be used to monitor the vital signs of law enforcement officers, fire men, astronauts, military personnel, chronically ill patients, elderly persons living alone, athletes, infants prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome etc.
Bolero Ozon. Plunkett Research, Ltd. The apparel and textiles industry involves complex relationships that are constantly evolving. This carefully-researched book covers exciting trends in apparel and textile supply chains, manufacturing, design, women's fashions, men's fashions, children's fashions, shoes, accessories, retailing, distribution, technologies and fabrics of all types. It includes a thorough market analysis as well as our highly respected trends analysis.
Series on Fibres: How Is Linen Fabric Made?
Maximizing customer value with innovative textile technology and a global trade network. Hyosung is one of the world's best manufacturers of nylon textile filament, is loved by customers around the world for its nylon fibers of outstanding quality and a variety of functions, all based on production know-how accumulated over 50 years. Capitalizing from its efforts to reduce energy, Hyosung has launched the world's first ever environmentally friendly recyclable nylon, 'MIPAN regen', and is leading the world to a better place through resource recycling. As the leader in the domestic polyester fiber manufacturer, Hyosung produces various and differentiated polyester yarns from regular yarns to high functional Major Products in order to create high values for customers. As the result of restless efforts to materialize customer needs and create differentiated product markets, Hyosung has developed high technology intensive yarn including cotton-replicating polyester yarn cotna , cool touch yarn askin , odor-resistant yarn freshgear , heat generating yarn aeroheat , latent crimped yarn Xanadu and far-infrared yarn aerogear.
Why Buy Eco Textiles?
For years, the fashion and textiles industry have irresponsibly manufactured their products. The consequences of which are enormous and devastating. Here is just a quick look at the impact that non-eco textile production has on the environment, the people who make it, and you. The textile industry consumes huge amounts of water during its various processing operations: drawdown of natural water bodies for irrigation inputs ; contamination of freshwater from fertilizer, pesticides and other chemicals outputs , and water management.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Banana Fiber Extraction Processing, Yarn Spinning & Weaving
There are probably many items of clothing within your wardrobe that are made of linen — but how much do you actually know about it? This article will give you all of the essential information that you need to know and answer some of your burning questions like "How is linen fabric made? The history of linen can be traced right back to the Ancient Egyptians, who valued linen so much that they even used it as currency. Linen was only usually worn and used by those in the upper classes, and this continued to be true when the Greeks started using linen. The Hugenots eventually brought linen manufacturing over to England and Northern Ireland — and since then, linen has been made all over the world. Just like cotton fabric, linen is made from a natural source — a plant. Linen is created from the fibres that naturally grow as part of the flax plant, a plat that grows all over the world. The production process is quite simple, which is why linen has been used for so long, but more modern techniques have been adopted in many places. The fibres first have to be naturally degraded from the plant. This is achieved through "retting".
Did you know the very first pair of Levis were made of hemp? And did you know that hemp was planted near and around the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site to pull radioactive elements from the ground? Derived from the Cannabis Sativa plant, the fibres of hemp are well known for their durability and ruggedness.
Account Options Sign in. Contenido General ReportStatistics by Subjects. Rubber consumed by establishments classified. Leather productsContinued Pae. Small leather goods. Electrical appliances. Automotive electrical equipment. Metalworking machinery and equipment not else.
Precision Textiles is a pivotal supplier of coated fabrics, nonwovens and laminations to the industrial market, serving manufacturers in the filtration, bedding, automotive, health care, home furnishings, footwear, luggage, food packaging and protective clothing industries. We are the only factory-direct supplier of Marathon Embroidery Thread serving the southeast United States. Drapery and upholstery stores. As a fabric, hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. Textile fibres or textile fibers see spelling differences can be created from many natural sources animal hair or fur, insect cocoons as with silk worm cocoons , as well as semisynthetic methods that use naturally occurring polymers, and synthetic methods that use polymer-based materials, and even minerals such as metals to make foils and wires. Experience the Winline Difference today!. Established in in Toronto, Canada, we offer a versatile range of uniforms for the medical, industrial, hospitality, and education sectors. Hotel textile products in dubai is to continually provide the best possible quality for our hotel and restaurant partners at competitve price just as we did in the past years. Evolon Microfilament Fabric - Evolon is a microfiber fabric made of microfilaments used for microfiber cleaning cloths and wipes, anti-mite mattress encasings.
What Are Our Clothes Made From?
Written by: Nitin Ajmera. Abstract: When textile assumes an additional function over and above the conventional purpose, it may be regarded as Smart Textile. And if this additional functionality changes with change in use conditions, then textile may be regarded as Active smart or intelligent textile. Clothing is one of the three basic human needs. From primitive age, textile is used for clothing which was extended to household and domestic purpose with progressive civilization. Thousands of years ago textile is used in different forms such as sail cloth, tent, protective garments, ropes etc.
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We can always guarantee the ecological sustainability of our garments, because we have developed our own global textile and manufacturing supply chain. By monitoring our source materials and the recycling process in detail, we can ensure that the quality of our products meets the standards of our clients and their customers.
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