In fact, some large tractors boast more lines of software code than early space shuttles. Net farm income is expected to be up 28 percent, while net cash income will grow nearly 19 percent. Case IH, Deere and their competitors use automotive-style assembly lines and world-class lean production processes. However, tractor manufacturing involves much lower annual volumes, less automation on the production floor, longer production cycles and higher manufacturing costs. Comparably, Ford and GM are building a new [vehicle] every 65 seconds or less.
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Farm Machinery and Equipment Safety Part II: Preventing Machinery Accidents During OperationVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Mahindra Tractor Manufacturing Video for Make in India Week
It is important to be safety-conscious when doing any job that requires the use of machinery. Statistics show that the majority of machinery-related accidents occur as the result of human negligence. The operation of farm machinery is serious business and should be treated as such. To avoid any type of machinery-related injury, strict safety practices must be employed.
In the past 30 years, the all-terrain vehicle ATV has become a common piece of machinery on numerous farms. Regardless of its popularity, the ATV is one of the most dangerous and deadly pieces of equipment. Between approximately , and , emergency-room-treated ATV related injuries occur every year. Since , there have been over 14, ATV-related deaths and over 2. Many of these deaths and injuries could have been prevented if the safety rules outlined above had been observed.
Inspect hydraulic and air lines regularly for wear and cracks. Replace lines that show any sign of damage. Caution should be taken when working on hydraulic systems. Make sure all pressure in the system is relieved and that the fluid is cool before loosening any fittings or removing lines.
Wear leather or rubber gloves. Revised September Operation of Farm Machinery The operation of farm machinery is serious business and should be treated as such. Never operate machinery under the influence of drugs or alcohol, including prescription or over-the-counter medicines that cause drowsiness.
The operator not only puts him or herself in danger, but also anyone who may be working with him or in the general area. There is never an exception to this rule. Before allowing anyone to use a power tool or piece of equipment — whether it be a family member, friend, or an employee — be sure the person has had complete training in the item to be used, and is made aware of hazards that may occur with its misuse. Training should be done by a person knowledgeable of that particular piece of equipment.
Besides actual training programs, manuals should be read from cover to cover. Protective clothing should be worn during the operation of farm machinery. Never wear baggy or loose-fitting shirts or pants, and always keep long hair tied back.
Loose clothing and hair are easily caught in rotating machine parts. Once caught in a moving part, it is almost impossible to escape without injury. Most machinery is designed for one rider, not two or three. This rule should be strictly enforced. Some newer tractors, combines, and forage harvesters are manufactured with an additional seat instructor seat that allows a second person to ride on the machinery in a safe manner for instructional and training purposes.
If the machine is equipped with an instructor seat, ensure that the passenger is properly secured in the seat with the seatbelt before starting the machine. Do not allow more than one passenger to sit on an instructor seat. Do not allow anyone to ride on machinery except the driver; passengers can easily be thrown or knocked off the vehicle. The only exception is if the machine is equipped with an instructor seat, in which case the driver and one additional passenger may safely ride on the machine.
When it is necessary for a rider to be on an implement, such as a hay wagon, extra precautions should be taken to avoid any injury to this person. Keep all people away from work areas and working machinery unless they are actively involved in the work. Many people are needlessly injured when watching, simply because they get in the way of flying debris or the machine itself. Most are also wearing inadequate protection. Motors should be shut down on any piece of equipment that is being refueled.
Employees should be instructed on how to properly refuel equipment; to do periodic maintenance checks on the tank, pump, hose, and nozzle; and to abide by safety rules such as not smoking when around the fueling area. Whenever parking or leaving a piece of machinery for any length of time—even to check a malfunction—the motor should always be shut off, brakes engaged, the transmission in park-lock or in gear, keys removed, and any attachments in the case of a baler or mower disengaged.
Numerous people are seriously injured or killed by being run-over by improperly parked tractors, with or without the engine running. Safety guards should always be in place when operating any piece of machinery. Nearly all tractor flips or roll-overs without ROPS result in fatalities.
Most newer tractors come equipped with a factory-installed ROPS. It is important to remember that not all tractor cabs are ROPS. Some are designed strictly to shield the operator from the weather. Check with the tractor manufacturer to determine if the cab is an ROPS cab.
However, a ROPS is not something thrown together in the machine shed. ROPS need to be properly designed, manufactured, and installed in order to be fully effective. Contact your local farm equipment dealer for purchase and installation information. Seat belts should be worn when operating machinery equipped with ROPS. Even when operating machinery equipped with an enclosed cab, it is important to use seat belts to prevent the likelihood of being thrown out the door, through a window, or into the cab frame.
Falling Object Protective Structures FOPS should be installed on equipment where the user runs the risk of being struck by falling debris. Front end loaders are an example of equipment that requires this type of structure. Installation details follow the procedures outlined for ROPS above. Emblems should be placed on all tractors and any implements that will be towed.
Emblems should be clean and in good shape. Broken, worn, or discolored emblems should be replaced. Farm equipment used on public roadways require lights conforming to state motor vehicle codes. When traveling on public roadways, obey traffic laws. Many tractor-related accidents occur when traveling on roadways. This is due in part to the increase in auto traffic on rural roads and the increased need for farmers to have equipment on the road to get from field to field.
Often because of the high level of noise associated with machinery, it is advisable to develop a system of hand signals to use during operation. A standardized system of signals has been developed by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
A copy of these signals is available through ASAE. All implements and attachments should be used in the proper manner for which they were designed, and lowered completely to the ground when exiting or shutting-down the tractor. Never over-load wagons. If a piece of equipment becomes clogged or jammed, never attempt to clean out the blockage until the machine is shut off and all moving parts come to a complete stop.
Never tow an implement improperly hitched to a tractor or truck. Equipment being towed should be hitched directly to the draw bar with a hitch pin secured in place by a cotter pin. Do not tow implements with chains, cables, or ropes. The breakage of chains, cables, and ropes while towing can cause severe, even fatal, injuries to the driver and bystanders.
The draw-bar on a tractor or the hitch on a truck should be kept as low as possible. Do not exceed the maximum height recommended by the tractor manufacturer. Never attach equipment to the tractor frame or axle; the improper balance can cause a back flip-over.
Terrain should always be taken into consideration when driving farm vehicles. To prevent tractor roll-over, avoid driving on steep slopes, through ditches, on extremely rough ground, or over stumps and large rocks. Do not drive along the edge of streams or pits.
The chance of the bank collapsing from the weight of the tractor is high. When traveling downhill, always keep the tractor or truck in gear. Avoid driving over very wet or boggy ground, as this can cause the tractor to become stuck. Seek an alternate route around potential danger areas. If an alternate route is not possible, proceed cautiously at slow speeds.
Do not try to tow loads that are too heavy for the tractor. Many tractor accidents involve excessive speed. Drive at a speed appropriate for: 1 the job you are doing; 2 the terrain over which you are traveling; and 3 the piece s of equipment you are using.
Remember to slow down whenever making turns. Maintenance of Farm Machinery During the repair of any machinery, appropriate protective clothing should be worn. This includes helmets, goggles, gloves, hearing protection, and safety shoes. Do not wear baggy clothing, and keep long hair tied back.
Loose-fitting clothing and hair can easily catch in rotating machinery parts. All machinery should be maintained regularly. Any worn or broken parts should be replaced immediately, not fixed in a temporary manner.
When repairs are made, any guard removed during repair must be replaced before the equipment is used. Check tire inflation and tread periodically to prevent flats and blowouts. Whenever preparing to work on a piece of equipment, block wheels to prevent movement.
Any jacks used should be stable and in good condition. Inspect brakes, hitches, safety chains, springs, and shackles regularly for wear, broken or missing parts, and cracks in the welds.
It is important to be safety-conscious when doing any job that requires the use of machinery. Statistics show that the majority of machinery-related accidents occur as the result of human negligence. The operation of farm machinery is serious business and should be treated as such. To avoid any type of machinery-related injury, strict safety practices must be employed. In the past 30 years, the all-terrain vehicle ATV has become a common piece of machinery on numerous farms.
Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture. There are many types of such equipment , from hand tools and power tools to tractors and the countless kinds of farm implements that they tow or operate. Diverse arrays of equipment are used in both organic and nonorganic farming. Especially since the advent of mechanised agriculture , agricultural machinery is an indispensable part of how the world is fed. With the coming of the Industrial Revolution and the development of more complicated machines, farming methods took a great leap forward.
John Deere Just Swindled Farmers out of Their Right to Repair
The fight for our right to repair the stuff we own has suffered a huge setback. As anyone who repairs electronics knows, keeping a device in working order often means fixing both its hardware and software. As an organization representing 2. Worse, the lobbyists are calling it a victory. Kyle Wiens is the cofounder and CEO of iFixit , an online repair community and parts retailer internationally renowned for its open source repair manuals and product teardowns.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Tractors At Work - Ploughing
Беккер задумался. Что это за имя такое - Капля Росы. Он в последний раз взглянул на Клушара. - Капля Росы. Вы уверены. Но Пьер Клушар провалился в глубокое забытье. ГЛАВА 23 Сьюзан, сидя в одиночестве в уютном помещении Третьего узла, пила травяной чай с лимоном и ждала результатов запуска Следопыта.
Managing Machinery and Equipment
Почему бы не сказать - мы выиграли. Насколько мне известно, ты сотрудник АНБ. - Ненадолго, - буркнул Хейл. - Не зарекайся.
- Он хотел нас спасти. Но снова и снова он протягивал руку, так, чтобы люди обратили внимание на кольцо. Он хотел объяснить им, но не .
Это был молодой человек. В верхней губе у него торчала серебряная запонка, на нем была черная кожаная куртка, надетая на голое тело. - Какого черта тебе надо? - прорычал он хриплым голосом - с явным нью-йоркским акцентом.
Сдерживая подступившую к горлу тошноту, Беккер успел заметить, что все пассажиры повернулись и смотрят на. Все как один были панки. И, наверное, у половины из них - красно-бело-синие волосы. - Sientate! - услышал он крик водителя. - Сядьте. Однако Беккер был слишком ошеломлен, чтобы понять смысл этих слов.
Assembling Tractors and Equipment
Вы его убили! - крикнула. - Вы его убили! - Она бросилась к экрану, протянула к нему руки. - Дэвид… Все пришли в смятение. Сьюзан шла вперед, повторяя это имя, ее глаза неотрывно смотрели на экран. - Дэвид! - воскликнула она, еле держась на ногах. - О, Дэвид… как они могли… Фонтейн растерялся: - Вы знаете этого человека. Сьюзан застыла в полутора метрах от экрана, ошеломленная увиденным, и все называла имя человека, которого любила.
- Стратмора, похоже, удивило ее недоумение. - Мне пришлось его проинструктировать. - Проинструктировать. Относительно. - Относительно его поездки. Я отправил Дэвида в Испанию.
Ищите. Джабба окончательно убедился: директор рискнул и проиграл. Шеф службы обеспечения систем безопасности спустился с подиума подобно грозовой туче, сползающей с горы, и окинул взглядом свою бригаду программистов, отдающих какие-то распоряжения.
Учитель превратился в ученика. Однажды вечером на университетском представлении Щелкунчика Сьюзан предложила Дэвиду вскрыть шифр, который можно было отнести к числу базовых. Весь антракт он просидел с ручкой в руке, ломая голову над посланием из одиннадцати букв: HL FKZC VD LDS В конце концов, когда уже гасли огни перед началом второго акта, его осенило.
Шифруя послание, Сьюзан просто заменила в нем каждую букву на предшествующую ей алфавите.
Меня зовут сеньор Ролдан. Буду рад вам помочь. У нас две рыжеволосые. Обе хорошенькие.
Это его прерогатива. Я плачу вам за то, чтобы вы следили за отчетностью и обслуживали сотрудников, а не шпионили за моим заместителем. Если бы не он, мы бы до сих пор взламывали шифры с помощью карандаша и бумаги.