Although our hunter-gatherer ancestors relied on an enormous array of animal species to fulfil their protein requirements, only a handful of these were subsequently domesticated, and cattle, sheep, pigs, and chickens currently represent the main animals used for global meat production. In spite of various attempts to improve the productivity of these traditional livestock species, this sector is facing immense pressure to meet the increasing demand for animal protein from a growing human population, and the future situation will likely only be aggravated by global warming, water shortages, and land restrictions for livestock production. Various animals, such as goats, camels, yak, and water buffalo, have accompanied man for centuries, surviving in the harshest conditions and on sparse feed resources. Due to their outstanding adaptability, these species could become crucial for future food supply, as well as for socio—economic and environmental stability. While subsistence hunting undoubtedly threatens wildlife populations throughout the world, there are many wild animals that are abundant and even considered as pests that could play a pivotal role in improving food security.
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This book presents an analysis of the dairy and associated sector developments in Eastern Europe and China. The transition in cattle husbandry in Eastern Europe, resulting in enormous structural changes, but not in an increased production volume, is different from emerging countries, like China, where traditional small scale farming goes together with the remodelling or start of mega farms.
Capacity building by means of cooperation appears to be hindered by historical experience. Farm development paths were studied in more depth in Poland, Lithuania and Slovenia using detailed farmer surveys. The results are presented here. Although farmers showed similar wishes concerning farm development, the local environment and policies determines the degree of achievement. Farm fragmentation, the high percentage of rented land and availability of suitable labour are major constraints.
Future EU policies are a concern but new technologies are embraced. This book is a must for those interested in the transition in Eastern Europe. It is indispensible to consultants, marketers, companies, farm leaders and government officials in agriculture. If you have personal access to this content, log in with your username and password here:. New titles:. For institutional orders, please contact sales wageningenacademic.
Recommend this book to a librarian. Cattle husbandry in Eastern Europe and China. Structure, development paths and optimisation.
Description Table of Content Full-text This book presents an analysis of the dairy and associated sector developments in Eastern Europe and China. Keywords: airy sector developments Eastern Europe China farm development farm strategies. Your Access Options. Log In If you have personal access to this content, log in with your username and password here: Email or username: Password: Remember me. Forgotten your password? Tools Site Tools Sign up for e-alerts.
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China Animal Husbandry and Feed Industry Expo
Forage Crops Lorann Stallones. Livestock Confinement Kelley Donham. Animal Husbandry Dean T. Stueland and Paul D. Manure and Waste Handling William Popendorf. Cattle, Sheep and Goats Melvin L.
Updated June 03, It might sound strange, but the Mitchell family in Ripley, west of Brisbane, are one of many Australians who have embraced the idea of welcoming the dashing dromedaries into their lives. Courtney Mitchell said not only did the animals make surprisingly good pets but adopting them might help address one of Australia's biggest feral pest problems. She said she never thought about adding the desert animals to her pet collection until she met her four "boys" — Spots, Humphrey, Garfunkel and Alfie — when visiting a local camel dairy. The owner of the country's largest commercial camel dairy, Jeff Flood, said outside-the-box thinking could help manage the country's large and complex feral camel problem.
Humans depend upon animals for food and related by-products, work and a variety of other uses see table To meet these demands, they have domesticated or held in captivity species of mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and arthropods. These animals have become known as livestock, and rearing them has implications for occupational safety and health. This general profile of the industry includes its evolution and structure, the economic importance of different commodities of livestock, and regional characteristics of the industry and workforce. The articles in this chapter are organized by occupational processes, livestock sectors and consequences of livestock rearing. Livestock evolved over the past 12, years through selection by human communities and adaptation to new environments. Historians believe that goat and sheep were the first species of animals domesticated for human use.
Animal Domestication: A Brief Overview
Despite the importance and variable expressions of animal production, distinctions among different systems are effectively absent from studies of land use and land cover change. Here, we present a framework, modified from existing livestock production systems, that is rooted in sociocultural, socioeconomic, and ecological contexts. The framework defines and characterizes the range of land usage pertaining to animal production, and is suitable for application in land use inventories and scenarios, land cover modeling, and studies on sustainable land use in the past, present, and future. Despite the importance of animal production, the magnitude, distribution, and history of its influence on the earth system are poorly understood.
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat , fibre , milk , eggs , or other products. It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock. Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated , from around 13, BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops. By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt , cattle , sheep , goats and pigs were being raised on farms. Major changes took place in the Columbian Exchange when Old World livestock were brought to the New World, and then in the British Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century, when livestock breeds like the Dishley Longhorn cattle and Lincoln Longwool sheep were rapidly improved by agriculturalists such as Robert Bakewell to yield more meat, milk, and wool. A wide range of other species such as horse , water buffalo , llama , rabbit and guinea pig are used as livestock in some parts of the world. Insect farming , as well as aquaculture of fish , molluscs , and crustaceans , is widespread. Modern animal husbandry relies on production systems adapted to the type of land available.
This book presents an analysis of the dairy and associated sector developments in Eastern Europe and China. The transition in cattle husbandry in Eastern Europe, resulting in enormous structural changes, but not in an increased production volume, is different from emerging countries, like China, where traditional small scale farming goes together with the remodelling or start of mega farms. Capacity building by means of cooperation appears to be hindered by historical experience. Farm development paths were studied in more depth in Poland, Lithuania and Slovenia using detailed farmer surveys. The results are presented here. Although farmers showed similar wishes concerning farm development, the local environment and policies determines the degree of achievement. Farm fragmentation, the high percentage of rented land and availability of suitable labour are major constraints. Future EU policies are a concern but new technologies are embraced. This book is a must for those interested in the transition in Eastern Europe.
Camels adopted as pets by families could curb feral pest problem
Michael Fergus - Michael lives and works in Norway, and helped establish one of Scandinavia's largest consulting organizations. He has worked as a consultant in over 60 countries, including many years in Kazakhstan, working there for numerous clients. Kazakhstan : Coming of Age. Michael Fergus , Janar Jandosova. This is the latest in our series of illustrated geo-political surveys.
Biothreat Reduction and Economic Development: The Case of Animal Husbandry in Central Asia
KAHE China Yunnan , China Animal Husbandry and Feed Industry Expo, dedicated to the global best kind of livestock and poultry, aquaculture equipment, feed, veterinary drugs, dynamic security, environmental protection exhibition site, introduced the whole industrial chain related products, designed to build based on southwest cloud, Guizhou, Sichuan, Chongqing , docking the animal feed industry of southeast Asia. In the context of a series of preferential policies launched by the state to expand pig production and stabilize pig supply, the " southwest pig industry resumption conference" was held. For the southwest animal husbandry, aquaculture, feed industry to provide a collection of products, technology, information, capital, talent, resources as one of the exchange platform. Manufacturers, wholesalers, agents invited to participate in the exhibition, visit.
Improving human welfare is a critical global concern, but not always easy to achieve. Complications in this regard have been faced by the states of the Former Soviet Union, where socialist-style economic institutions have disappeared, and the transition to a market economy has been slow in coming. Lack of capital, ethnic conflict, and political instability have at times undermined the institutional reform that would be necessary to enable economic efficiency and development. Nowhere are such challenges more pronounced than in the new nation states of central Asia, including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
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Herding is the practice of caring for roam ing groups of livestock over a large area. Herding developed about 10, years ago, as prehistoric hunters domesticate d wild animals such as sheep and goats. Hunters learned that by controlling animals they once pursued, they could have reliable sources of meat , milk and milk products, and hide s for tents and clothing. Many animals naturally live and travel together in groups called herd s.