Natural fibers have been used as an alternative to synthetic ones for their greener character; banana fibers have the advantage of coming from an agricultural residue. Fibers have been extracted by mechanical means from banana tree pseudostems, as a strategy to valorize banana crops residues. To increase the mechanical properties of the composite, technical textiles can be used as reinforcement, instead of short fibers. To do so, fibers must be spun and woven. The aim of this paper is to show the viability of using banana fibers to obtain a yarn suitable to be woven, after an enzymatic treatment, which is more environmentally friendly.
Dear readers! Our articles talk about typical ways to solve the issue of renting industrial premises, but each case is unique.
If you want to know how to solve your particular problem, please contact the online consultant form on the right or call the numbers on the website. It is fast and free!
- Synthetics & Sustainable Synthetics: Global Production
- Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
- Thread Science- Choosing The Right Thread From Fiber to Finishing
- Chemical fibers global production 2000-2018
- US20030047834A1 - Method for manufacturing polyester fibers - Google Patents
- The making of glass fiber
- Textile manufacturing
Synthetics & Sustainable Synthetics: Global ProductionVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How Cotton is Processed in Factories - How It’s Made
Thread is a key component of many items that we use daily. From apparel that we wear, to the furniture we sit on, thread is all around us. It is even part of the tea bag used at lunch. Sewing threads are generally used to assemble sewn products together, and the quality of the seam is dependent on the quality of the sewing thread used. Each market may require a thread with different physical properties to achieve optimum sewing and seaming performance.
If you consider the many uses of thread, the complexity of designing a thread is apparent. Consideration must be given to: sewability, seam performance, seam appearance, not to mention availability and cost.
Physical characteristics that vary from fiber type and thread construction include: tenacity, loop strength, linear strength, elongation, elastic recovery, loop formation, twist construction, ply security, shrinkage, stitch appearance, colorfastness, resistance to abrasion, chemicals, heat, and light.
Therefore using the proper thread for an application will determine the overall quality of your sewn products. Other factors that are considered include the type of material being sewn, the type of sewing machines being used, conditions under which the product must perform, and cost effectiveness.
Natural Fibe rs- Come from plants or animals and are spun or twisted into yarns. Cotton is the most common natural fiber used to make thread. Natural fibers are generally not as uniform as synthetic fibers and are affected by climatic changes. SAK is generally a higher quality cotton that produces stronger spun cotton threads than CP fibers. Synthetic Fibers- Are made from various chemicals that are then melt-spun or wet-spun into a continuous filament fibers.
We select our synthetic fibers based on their sewability characteristics, seam performance, ease of dying, colorfastness, pricing and sustainability. Fibers Forms- Sewing threads are made in seven different thread constructions using either staple fibers, continuous filament fibers, or a combination of both. Staple fibers are spun into a specific yarn cotton count — ex. Continuous Filaments are used in the manufacturing of five thread constructions including: twisted multifilament, monocord, textured, air entangled and monofilament.
Continuous filaments are normally sized using the denier system. Threads made from continuous filaments are generally stronger and have greater uniformity than threads made from staple fibers. Corespun threads are made from a continuous filament bundle of fibers that are then wrapped with a staple wrapper.
Spun Threads — are made from staple fibers that are spun into single yarns and then two or more of these yarns are plied to make a sewing thread. Spun threads have a fibrous surface giving them a soft hand and good lubricity characteristics. Core Threads — are made by spinning a staple wrapper of cotton or polyester around a continuous filament of polyester fibers.
Afterwards, two or more of these single yarns are twisted together to form the thread. Core threads have a fibrous surface giving them good lubricity characteristics and also a continuous filament core that contributes to high strength and durability. When wrapped with a cotton wrap, core threads have very good needle heat resistance. When wrapped with a polyester wrap, core threads have excellent chemical resistance and colorfastness.
Core threads are used in everything from fine blouses to heavy coveralls and overalls. Textured Threads — are made from continuous filaments of polyester or nylon that have been textured and then heat set to insure proper bulk-retention.
Textured threads are ideal for overedge, chainstitch, and coverstitch operations offering a soft seam and good seam elasticity and coverage. Textured threads are generally less expensive than other thread constructions of the same size. Air Entangled Threads — are made from continuous filaments of polyester that are entangled as they pass through a high pressure air jet. This yarn is then twisted, dyed, and wound on cones with lubricant.
Air entangled threads are used in everything from quilting mattresses to sewing heavy denim jeans. Monofilament Threads — are made from single continuous filaments of nylon that resemble fishing line. Monofilament threads are translucent and blend in with many colors. Because it has a tendency to be stiffer than other filament products, monofilament threads are not recommended for seams that may lay adjacent to the skin.
Monofilament threads are used in quilting operations on quilts and bedspreads, as well as blindstitch operations on drapery and apparel. Twisted Multifilament Threads — are made from continuous filaments of polyester or nylon that are twisted together into a cohesive bundle and then plied to make the thread.
They are then dyed, stretched, and heat set to achieve the desired physical characteristics. Twisted Multifilament threads are available either soft or with an additional bond for better ply security and abrasion resistance. They are exceptionally strong for their size and have excellent abrasion resistance and durability.
These threads are used for seaming everything from boat sails to automobile upholstery. Monocord Threads — are made from continuous filaments of polyester or nylon that have been bonded together. They have very little twist so that they look like a single cord of yarn.
Because of the way these threads are made, they appear to be flat and ribbon-like, which provides a low-seam profile and therefore a high degree of resistance to abrasion.
Monocord threads are exceptionally strong for their size and are used in the manufacturing of furniture, shoes, and other heavy duty applications.
Most of our threads are dyed in package dye machines under pressure. Different fiber types are dyed with different dye types and temperatures to achieve the desired shade and color fastness requirements. Nylon threads- Normally dyed with Acid or Chromatic dyes to achieve the desired shade. Natural fibers including cotton and rayon- Can be dyed with either Vat, Fiber Reactive, or Direct dyes depending on the color fastness requirements and the color shade to be achieved.
Generally Vat dyed natural fibers have the best color fastness characteristics. We have set goals to reduce both energy and water consumption and we have award winning water purification systems. Thread finish can have several meanings in the thread industry. Finishing can refer to any additional process that a thread goes through to alter its original physical characteristics. Examples would include mercerized, glazed, bonded and anti-wick finishes. Finish can also refer to the lubrication put on the thread prior to winding for the purpose of protecting the thread against needle heat and giving the thread good lubricity characteristics as it passes through the sewing machine.
This process causes the fibers to swell, resulting in greater affinity for dye penetration. Mercerization increases the luster of cotton threads and at the same time increases their strength. The result is a glossy, hard finish that protects the thread from abrasion and enhances its ply security.
Thread finish or lubricant is generally added to the thread during the final winding process. Both the amount and type of lube are critical to proper sewability. Generally, the finer the thread size, the less lube that is required on the thread. Threads required to penetrate heavier and more dense fabrics will require more thread lubricant to product the thread from needle head and enhance sewing performance. Find Your Contact…. Read more…. Your feedback helps us realize our commitment to providing the best products and services possible.
Click to take our brief survey. Fibers used to make industrial sewing threads come from two major sources: Natural Fibe rs- Come from plants or animals and are spun or twisted into yarns.
Thread Science- Thread Finishing Thread finish can have several meanings in the thread industry. Learn more.
Crazing Technology for Polyester Fibers reviews PET fibers crazing in surface-active liquids and the use of the crazing mechanism for fiber modification by functional additives. The first chapter reviews existing literature, and subsequent chapters present the research of the authors, with an emphasis on how these techniques can be used to create textiles for a wide variety of purposes. Victor A. Goldade is a leading researcher at the V.
Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
Precision Textiles is a pivotal supplier of coated fabrics, nonwovens and laminations to the industrial market, serving manufacturers in the filtration, bedding, automotive, health care, home furnishings, footwear, luggage, food packaging and protective clothing industries. We are the only factory-direct supplier of Marathon Embroidery Thread serving the southeast United States. Drapery and upholstery stores. As a fabric, hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials.
Thread Science- Choosing The Right Thread From Fiber to Finishing
Chemical fibers global production 2000-2018
Glass fiber is made by blending raw materials, melting them in a three-stage furnace, extruding the molten glass through bushings in the bottom of the forehearth, cooling the filaments with water, and then applying a chemical size. The filaments then are gathered and wound into a package. Fiberglass is the original fiber reinforcement of modern composites. Toledo, Ohio , record the key developments that step-changed the industry from producing discontinuous-fiber glass wool to making continuous glass filaments with diameters as small as 4 microns 4 millionths of a meter and thousands of feet long.
Thread is a key component of many items that we use daily. From apparel that we wear, to the furniture we sit on, thread is all around us. It is even part of the tea bag used at lunch. Sewing threads are generally used to assemble sewn products together, and the quality of the seam is dependent on the quality of the sewing thread used. Each market may require a thread with different physical properties to achieve optimum sewing and seaming performance. If you consider the many uses of thread, the complexity of designing a thread is apparent. Consideration must be given to: sewability, seam performance, seam appearance, not to mention availability and cost. Physical characteristics that vary from fiber type and thread construction include: tenacity, loop strength, linear strength, elongation, elastic recovery, loop formation, twist construction, ply security, shrinkage, stitch appearance, colorfastness, resistance to abrasion, chemicals, heat, and light. Therefore using the proper thread for an application will determine the overall quality of your sewn products. Other factors that are considered include the type of material being sewn, the type of sewing machines being used, conditions under which the product must perform, and cost effectiveness. Natural Fibe rs- Come from plants or animals and are spun or twisted into yarns.
US20030047834A1 - Method for manufacturing polyester fibers - Google Patents
The making of glass fiber
Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric.
Fibers are long strands of molecules interwoven to form a linear, stringlike structure. They may be natural or made by humans and are essential to.