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Plant industrial compositions and Fragrances

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Perfumes and Fragrances

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: TOP 10 MOST COMPLIMENTED FRAGRANCES OF 2019 - MOST COMPLIMENTED MEN'S COLOGNES

Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Meyer [Technical Field]. The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference.

Panax ginseng C. Meyer which is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Araliaceae is classified as a perennial plant. It grows in remote mountain forests and is cultivated as a medicinal plant.

It is 60 cm in height, a new stem grows each year, and leaves sprout from the tip of the stem. In the summer, a thin flower stalk comes out, and small flowers having a light yellowish color come out from the tip of the stalk. The flowers have five leaves and stamens and one pistil. The fruit thereof is drupe, has an elliptic shape, is mm in diameter, becomes bright red when being ripe, and has two semicircular kernels in the central portion thereof.

The root thereof is used for medicinal purposes and has the shape of the human body. Ginseng has been considered as an elixir of life long. The root of ginseng which is cultivated in Korea is a fleshy root which consists of a main root and 2- 5 lateral roots and is light yellowish white in color.

Although the number of the lateral roots varies depending on soil, a transplanting method, a fertilizer, water content, etc. The root of ginseng is harvested when the age thereof is 4 year-old.

The flower of ginseng emits a luxurious fragrance, which entirely differs from that of the root and is similar to that of freesia, and for this reason, the fragrant components of ginseng flowers were collected from a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea, and were analyzed and then expressed. To prepare products having a fragrance like that of such ginseng flowers, various conventional methods may be used.

Examples of these conventional methods include a solvent extraction method of making absolute oils using the fragrant components of flowers, and a steam distillation method of making essential oils using the fragrant components. However, in these methods, high heat should be applied during the extraction process, complicated treatment processes are used so as to require a long period of time, and the fragrance of the product can greatly differ from the characteristic fragrance of flowers.

The SPME method can analyze fragrant components in a rapid and convenient manner without the need to use a solvent and to pretreat samples. Accordingly, the present inventors have made efforts to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, using the SPME method effective in analyzing the fragrant components of living natural materials.

As a result, the present inventors have found that decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like are the main fragrant components of ginseng flowers, and have attempted to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, using these components.

However, the results of sensory tests conducted by the present inventors showed that the fragrance of ginseng flowers could not be expressed only with these components. Accordingly, the present inventors have continued to study to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers and, as a result, found that a perfume composition, which contains, as essential components, hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including decanal, nonanal, 2- 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone, can emit a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference, thereby completing the present invention.

Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a perfume composition, which can emit a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers and has high preference. Another object of the present invention is to provide a skin external composition containing said perfume composition as a constituent component. The perfume composition of the present invention contains, as essential components, hedione and methylionone which are artificial synthetic substances, in addition to the main fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone, and the secondary fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including methyl vinyl ketone, hexanal, methyl heptenone, cishexenol and methyl salicylate.

If decanal, nonanal, 2- methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and artificial synthetic substances hedione and methylionone, which are main components for producing a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, are used in amounts deviating from the above-specified ranges, the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers will be decreased, and the preference of fragrance will also be decreased.

However, although the other components are preferably used in the above-specified content ranges, such components can also be used in amounts deviating from the above-specified ranges, as long as they have no effect on the production of the fragrance of ginseng flowers, because they have no great effect on the fragrance of ginseng flowers.

The composition according to the present invention, having the components and contents as described above, can be added to skin external preparations, such as perfume and cosmetic products, and the amount of composition added can be suitably selected according to any conventional technique known in the art so as to achieve the desired effects. Examples of such external preparations include ointments, lotions, solubilized phases, suspensions, emulsions, creams, gels, sprays, pastas, plasters, patches and liquid plasters.

However, the scope of the present invention is not limited only thereto, and the inventive composition may be added to any base known in the art. Meanwhile, in the present invention, the SPME method was used to analyze the fragrant components of ginseng flowers.

The SPME method is advantageous for analyzing the highly volatile fragrant components of ginseng flowers, because the fragrant components adsorbed to a fiber material can be desorbed at the inlet of a GC-MS column without any special pretreatment and can be rapidly injected into the column so as to greatly reduce the analysis time. In the present invention, perfume compositions were prepared based on the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, analyzed by the SPME method. These compositions were subjected to olfactory sensory tests in a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan- gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea in order to examine the similarity of fragrance thereof to the fragrances of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance thereof.

The sensory tests were conducted by professional flavorists and general persons, and the similarity of fragrance of the compositions to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance thereof were evaluated through questionnaire survey. As described above, the compositions according to the present invention contain hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like.

Thus, the perfume composition of the present invention can emit a fragrance like the fragrance of ginseng flowers and can also improve the preference of fragrance.

It is to be understood, however, that the scope of the present invention is not limited these examples, and other applications and modifications of the present invention will be obvious to those skilled in the art. The collection of the fragrant components was conducted a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan- gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. After the fragrant components were collected, the fiber having the fragrant components collected thereon was sealed.

The GC-MS analysis was carried out in the following conditions. As a result, the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, analyzed by the SPME method, are shown in Table 1 below. As can be seen in Table 1 above, ginseng flowers contained, as main fragrant components, decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, and these main components accounted for Reference Example 2 : Comparative sensory evaluation of fragrance between perfume composition, prepared based on analysis results, and ginseng flowers.

Based on the above analysis results, a perfume composition sample B shown in Table 2 below was prepared, and the similarity of fragrance between the perfume composition and ginseng flowers was examined through sensory evaluation. The sensory evaluation was conducted on twenty year-old general men and women, and the similarity of fragrance question 1 between ginseng flowers sample A and the perfume composition sample B obtained using the SPME method, and the preference of fragrance question 2 , were examined by causing the evaluation panels to smell the fragrance of each of the samples A and B and answering a questionnaire shown in Table 3 below.

The evaluation results are shown in Table 4 below. As can be seen in Table 4, the perfume composition sample B had a fragrance greatly different from the fragrance of ginseng flowers, and showed low preference. Reference Example 3 : Analysis of fragrance and comparison of fragrance with ginseng flowers, conducted by professional evaluation group. As can be seen in Reference Example 1, the perfume composition comprising the components analyzed by the SMPE method had no similarity to the fragrance of ginseng flowers.

Thus, each of the fragrant components of ginseng flowers was subjected to sensory evaluation by a professional evaluation group consisting of flavorists. As a result, it was found that, among the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone were major components making the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers.

Example 1: Preparation of new perfume compositions having varying contents of main components of ginseng flowers.

From the results of Reference Example 3, it could be seen that the main components of the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers were decanal, nonanal, 2- methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone. Thus, in order to provide a perfume composition, which contains these five components to emit the fragrance of ginseng flowers and, at the same time, has high preference, the present inventors prepared new perfume compositions 1 to 7.

Example 2 : Sensory evaluation of perfume compositions prepared in Example 1. The seven new perfume compositions, prepared in Example 1, were examined with respect to the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance using sensory evaluation in the same manner as described in Reference Example 2.

Meanwhile, after the comparative sensory evaluation of two perfume compositions was conducted, a breathing time of 5 minutes was given to eliminate olfactory paralysis. Sensory evaluation results for the similarity of fragrance between the new perfume compositions and ginseng flowers, and the preference of fragrance, are shown in Table 6 below.

Example 3 : Preparation of perfume compositions having improved fragrance based on analysis conducted by professional evaluation group. These perfume compositions are shown in Table 7 below. Example 4 : Sensory evaluation of perfume compositions prepared in Example 3. The seven perfume compositions A, B, C, D, E, F and G prepared in Example 3 were examined with respect to the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance by performing sensory evaluation in the same manner as described in Reference Example 2 above.

Meanwhile, after the comparative sensory evaluation of two perfume combinations was conducted, a breathing time of 5 minutes was given to eliminate olfactory paralysis. Sensory evaluation results for the similarity of fragrance between the new perfume compositions and ginseng, and the preference of fragrance, are shown in Table 8 below.

A perfume shown in Table 9 below was prepared using the above-described perfume composition having similarity to the fragrance of ginseng flowers. Perfume containing perfume composition having fragrance like that of ginseng flowers. Ref document number : Country of ref document : CN. Country of ref document : EP. Kind code of ref document : A1. Country of ref document : JP.

Ref country code : DE. Disclosed is a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method.

Thus, the perfume composition has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference. Meyer [Technical Field] The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference.

A perfume composition having a fragrance having a like that of ginseng flowers, the composition containing, as active ingredient, fragrant components of ginseng flowers, hedione and methylionone.

The perfume composition of Claim 1, wherein the fragrant components of ginseng flowers are decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone.

The perfume composition of Claim 2, wherein the perfume composition additionally contains methyl vinyl ketone, hexanal, methyl heptenone, cis-3 -hexenol and methyl salicylate. A skin external composition containing the perfume composition of any one of Claims 1 to 4. CN CNB en Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of ginseng flower Panax ginseng C.

Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of ginseng flower panax ginseng c. JPB2 en. KRB1 en. CNB en. WOA1 en. Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Citrus unshiu of Jeju island the composition for skin external application containing the same.

JPA en. Aromatic deodorizing composition for environment and aromatic deodorizer for environment containing the aromatic deodorizing composition for environment. CNA en. KRA en. Costa et al. Siani et al. Sangun et al. Comparison of chemical composition of the essential oil of Laurus nobilis L. Aziz et al.

Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Meyer [Technical Field]. The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference.

The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Please click Accept Cookies to continue to use the site. Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, animals, objects, and living spaces a pleasant scent. The odoriferous compounds that make up a perfume can be manufactured synthetically or extracted from plant or animal sources. Perfumes have been known to exist in some of the earliest human civilisations either through ancient texts or from archaeological digs. Modern perfumery began in the late s with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin, which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone.

From flower to fragrance: the craftsmanship of a Chanel perfume

Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: July 22, Published: January 7, A biotechnological approach to microbial based perfumes and flavours. J Microbiol Exp. DOI:

The Aromatic Sources & Fragrant Compounds Used In Perfumery

Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Get a good start in flavor and fragrance chemistry! This book presents a survey of those natural and synthetic fragrance and flavor materials which are isolated and produced commercially on a relatively large scale because of their organoleptic characteristics. It provides information on their properties, methods employed in their manufacture, and their areas of application. The excellent and concise introduction to this unique industry is followed by extensive information on nearly of the most used fragrance and flavor compounds. Names, molecular formula, physical data, odor and flavor descriptions, uses, and a number of processes for the larger volume chemicals are all included.

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Perfume has a long, colorful and very fragrant history whose origins date back to the ancient cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt. The art was further refined by the Roman and Arab civilizations. Experts have carbon-dated it back to more than 4, years ago. Archaeologists uncovered within the 3, square-foot space at least 60 stills, mixing bowls, funnels and perfume bottles. In the 9th century, an Arab chemist named Al-Kindi published the Book of the Chemistry of Perfume and Distillations , a volume containing more than recipes for making aromatic waters, fragrant oils and salves. By the early 13th century, the art of perfumery had spread to Western Europe and prospered during the 16th century in Renaissance Italy and France. France quickly became one of the major European hubs for the manufacture of perfume and cosmetics, but their sale was reserved for the wealthier classes and nobility. Today, the art of perfume manufacturing has become a multi-billion dollar industry globally, and the scientific process of making perfume has undergone many refinements and improvements down through the decades. Modern perfume manufacturers favor synthetic chemicals over natural oils, even though natural ingredients are still highly prized for use in the finest and most costly scents. When blending scents for our clients, which include a wide swath of industry professionals including but not limited to perfumery brand owners, product developers, cosmetic scientists, skin-care development chemists, soap makers and more, our chief perfumers concentrate on the four basic categories of aromatic sources that are used in modern perfume creation.

A Leading Fragrance Manufacturing & Scent Designing Company

A big thank you to all our visitors! Leading fragrance house since , Jean Niel embodies the savoir-faire passed from generation to generation. This french artisanal company lives up to the challenges and desires of its partners by reinventing customization and personalizing customer relationships. With their eyes firmly set on the future, Jean Niel encourages creativity and offers innovative solutions based upon their experience and audacity.

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It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Get compensated for helping us improve our product! This book is an introduction to the fascinating world of aroma chemicals, essential oils, fragrances and flavour compositions for the food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. The present state-of-the-art technology, the future use of resources and biotechnological approaches for the production of the respective chemical compounds are described. A large section is devoted to the description of the renewable resources of flavours: spice plants, fruits from moderate to tropical climates, vegetables, fermented and heated plants. Analytical methods, such as gas chromatography coupled to human or electronic noses or to a mass spectrometer, are outlined and consumer trends, legal and safety aspects are described. Novel renewable resources come from biotechnology. Enzymes, for example, bio-transform cheap substrates to produce flavours de novo; plant cells in culture may serve as a rich resource of genes coding for metabolic activities in transgenic producers.

Perfume Compositions intended to impart a pleasant odor, scent or aroma, Processes of extracting essential oils for use in perfumes from animal or plant.

Microbiology & Experimentation

Your browser is not supported by this application. Inscribed in The skills related to perfume in Pays de Grasse cover three different aspects: the cultivation of perfume plants; the knowledge and processing of natural raw materials; and the art of perfume composition. The practice involves a wide range of communities and groups, brought together under the Association du Patrimoine Vivant du Pays de Grasse Living Heritage Association of the Region of Grasse. Since at least the sixteenth century, the practices of growing and processing perfume plants and creating fragrant blends have been developed in Pays de Grasse, in a craft industry long dominated by leather tanning. Perfume plant cultivation involves a wide range of skills and knowledge, for instance pertaining to nature, soil, weather, biology, plant physiology and horticultural practices, as well as specific techniques such as extraction and hydraulic distillation methods. The inhabitants of Grasse have made these techniques their own and helped improve them. In addition to technical skills, however, the art also calls for imagination, memory and creativity. Perfume forges social bonds and provides an important source of seasonal labour.

Flavours and Fragrances

As fragrance creators, Alpha Aromatics has been making the world smell better, one customized scent at a time, for more than seven decades. Every day, Alpha Aromatics touches the lives of people around the world. We understand and respect the power of scent as one might revere the eternal supremacy of the ocean. Let us do what we do best and revolutionize your product line with our own special melange of ambient branding. Learn more about our company history, affiliations and management team. Alpha Aromatics specializes in synthetic, natural and organic fragrance sectors to accommodate the needs of all industries concerned with utilizing ambient branding to improve their bottom line. The aroma artists at Alpha Aromatics are never satisfied until their customers are. Always striving to do better than the competition, our mission is to be the best we can be and our expertise is constantly evolving to meet the complex and sophisticated demands of our valued customers.

Scent Industry

Since the beginning of recorded history, humans have attempted to mask or enhance their own odor by using perfume, which emulates nature's pleasant smells. Many natural and man-made materials have been used to make perfume to apply to the skin and clothing, to put in cleaners and cosmetics, or to scent the air. Because of differences in body chemistry, temperature, and body odors, no perfume will smell exactly the same on any two people. Perfume comes from the Latin "per" meaning "through" and "fumum," or "smoke.

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Scent Industry. An expert spills the secrets of making the right perfume purchase. She started working for Anne Klein and eventually became the head of Anne Klein's design-team until. Fragrances are unique artistic creations made by perfumers, scientists, chemists, marketers, and many others in our industry.

This article is part of the thematic issue "Terpenes". Guest Editor: J. Dickschat Beilstein J. The history of fragrances is closely associated with the chemistry of terpenes and terpenoids.

The latter may be more accessible to the everyday shopper, but the same level of care and detail applies during production behind the scenes. It is made with flowers from Grasse, the heartland of scent, found in the hills north of Cannes. I visited the fields of Chanel there, where, across five acres of farm, five species of flowers are grown for fragrances. Gabrielle Chanel was the first person to put a perfume to her own name, and the esteemed nose Ernest Beaux used Grasse jasmine in the distinctive formula.

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  1. Brataur

    No, opposite.

  2. Nedal

    It is a pity, that now I can not express - I am late for a meeting. I will return - I will necessarily express the opinion.

  3. Tull

    It is remarkable, this very valuable opinion

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