The largest single factory for manufacturing of pre-engineered steel buildings in the world Factory Location: Dammam 1 st Industrial City. Zamil Steel is one of the few pre-engineered buildings companies that offers its clients a complete building system to the worldwide clients. Expertise in the fabrication and installation of structural steel and plate works for wide range of industrial and commercial applications. You are looking for turnkey construction? We are your single, reliable source for full-service construction projects across the Middle-east and Indian subcontinent.
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Off-Site and Modular Construction ExplainedVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Dalian Antai Huaxin Group steel structure manufacturer and fabricator
Off-site construction involves the process of planning , designing, fabricating, transporting and assembling building elements for rapid site assembly to a greater degree of finish than in traditional piecemeal on-site construction. Off-site building includes a range of materials, scales and systems, digital software , methods of manufacture and fabrication, and innovations in social and technological integration. Off-site outputs include componentized, panelized, and modularized elements deployed in the service of structural, enclosure, service and interior partition systems.
An optimizing strategy of off-site is to integrate these systems and supply chain through research, design, testing, and prototyping. The modular industry consists of two distinct industry segments: re-locatable modular and permanent modular. Re-locatable modular, sometimes referred to as temporary modular, are structures which meet temporary space needs and can be leased in a short-term agreement or purchased outright.
Job site trailers, temporary classrooms, communication pods, and show rooms are some examples. Although permanent modular construction PMC has been flourishing for a decade or more in Europe, it is an emerging market in North America.
PMC is comparable to site built structures meeting the International Building Code IBC , the difference being that it is simply manufactured in chunks within a factory. PMC is deployed for multistory multi-family structures, government buildings, health care facilities , schools , hotels, and any other building types found in traditional on-site construction.
Steel modular and brick veneer at Yale University. Photo courtesy of Kieran Timberlake. The modular industry is host to both manufacturers, manufacturer direct, and dealers. Manufacturers produce modules to service general contractors or modular dealers. Manufacturer direct may manufacture for general contractors and dealers, but also contract directly with owners to provide modular solutions, acting as a general contractor.
Increasingly, however, manufacturers are becoming knowledgeable and skilled across the array of building types, markets, and industry segments. Modular buildings, temporary and permanent, may be manufactured as structural units that make up the structure of the building once assembled on-site.
Non-structural modular such as factory fitted bathroom or service pods can be placed within a larger modular superstructure or in traditional construction on-site. Modules may be constructed from many different materials including: wood framing, cold-formed steel framing, hot rolled steel, concrete, or a combination of material assemblages. Not all manufacturers will manufacture in many materials; rather manufacturers tend to focus on a particular type of construction to maximize factory efficiencies.
The choice of material by stakeholders is usually contingent upon project demands, site forces, and project cost. Further, projects may have a hybrid of material solutions such as traditional site built structure, bathroom modules, or structural modules and a portion of the building that is traditionally site built due to programmatic demands such as large openings, spans or other that are difficult to pre-assemble in the factory.
Cross-Laminated Timber roof panel being installed in Madison, Wisconsin. Modular manufacturing uses an inside out approach to building. Modular frames are constructed as planes, fitted as boxes, and then finished from the inside out. For example, a dormitory unit may follow a sequence of frame, interior surface, electrical, plumbing, mechanical, insulation, exterior sheathing, and cladding.
This differs from the traditional on-site assembly sequence of outside in, which restricts the multiple trades that work on top of one another during the build cycle. Factory production of modules avoids the difficulties of unpredictable weather, trades waiting on one another, and incessant delays associated with on-site construction. Building information model of an off-site constructed hotel room. Photo courtesy of Whiting Turner. The process of modular construction is quite different than on-site construction.
This leaves many owners, architects , and builders confused and sometimes put off by the process. Dealers contract for delivery of re-locatable or permanent modular construction, acting as general contractor. With increasingly complex building projects, larger in size and requirement for MEP systems integration, dealers provide knowledgeable project delivery capacity between what is historically identically manufactured re-locatable mods in the temporary modular industry and sophisticated commercial construction solutions in the permanent modular construction industry.
Together manufacturers and dealers are creating real value for project teams and building owners who are now embracing this form of construction and delivery. Prefabricated closed panel wall assembly for housing. Photo courtesy of Bensonwood Homes. Traditional contracts and on-site construction practices rigidly delineate responsibilities with much elaboration on the consequences of failure. This context reinforces risk-abating behavior, causing project teams to not engage in collaborative processes and present an adversarial construction culture, much to the disadvantage of all stakeholders.
Owners are losing money on projects, architects and engineers are not seeing the quality of design increase, and contractors are bearing a great deal of financial burden and risk in the process. This fragmentation has been quantified in terms of waste and productivity. Construction is essentially the design and assembly of objects fixed-in-place.
Therefore, traditional buildings are site-produced goods, unique every time, and employ temporary teams—this triad might be called the peculiarities of construction , distinguishing it from other production industries. To make this process more productive we can remove the site, not make the building unique, and keep labor intact from project to project. Removing the site altogether is clearly not possible, but removing the site peculiarities to a degree vis-a-vis factory production certainly helps.
Keeping teams in tact is an idea that has brought success to design-build entities and designers or builders who continually engage with the same engineers, contractors, and subcontractors. Modular production has the capacity to keep teams more intact by controlling the workflow. Finally, the uniqueness of the building design and production process is a variable that may in fact be controlled or segments within the work flow at least , removing waste and adding value in the building process.
Further comparing construction to manufacturing, according to the U. These are activities that are not compensated. Replacing the wasteful elements of construction with manufacturing benefits through modular processes can remove waste and increase value for projects.
Increasing construction efficiency through modular requires examination of construction performance. Every project must consider a number of performance factors including:. Although not all of the factors will be equally valued in any given project, they generally have a contingent relationship to one another. For a given program, the design team usually establishes relationships, maybe even unknowingly, between quality, schedule, and budget where one change affects all the others.
For example, an owner team may opt to select a lower quality material in favor of saving cost or allow the project to be completed on time. In this balance of factors, risk plays a critical component.
Off-site and permanent modular in particular, is not a blanket solution to every building project. As such, the principles of cost, schedule, labor, scope, quality, and risk represent a sliding scale of opportunity and tradeoffs rather than definitive answers. When enacted intentionally and with pre-planning, modular construction can be a solution to help find balance between these sometime competing performance goals of construction.
Off-site delivery and early planning are co-lateral concepts. Engaging the off-site fabrication industry early in the design process to help solve this equation is fundamental to successful utilization of the off-site design and construction process. Much research has been performed and is ongoing regarding the benefits of off-site construction. Documented benefits of off-site construction versus traditional on-site construction include:.
Ultimately, risk is reduced with off-site construction. Range of off-site production in the construction sector. Graph courtesy of R. Numerous projects have demonstrated that schedule savings are the most easily documented and noticeable savings that occurs as a result of modular construction. This is due to concurrent site and factory work, as well as factory production being faster than on-site framing, removing weather delays and subcontractor sequence delays associated with on-site construction.
Clearly, material waste is reduced because fall off is recaptured in the manufacturing stream. However, the greatest environmental benefit demonstrated by off-site construction documented in a recent publication in the Journal of Industrial Ecology is attributed to the reduction in transportation energy and carbon as a result of workers commuting to a factory instead of the job site and supply yards throughout the day.
Quale et al Modular and panelized construction projects are regularly meeting LEED standards today. The off-site industry has grown from primarily a re-locatable modular manufacturing sector to a building delivery sector. This presents difficulty for both manufacturers of panels and units and the traditional building industry that do not understand off-site, its delivery process, and how to engage effectively in that process.
Because of this history as a re-locatable modular industry, these manufacturers are accustomed to delivering buildings on turn-key contracts in direct negotiation with owners. This may in fact be desirable for owners on certain kinds of projects that need a one-stop shop approach.
However, on more complex projects, the off-site industry is less experienced. An ideological and structural shift in the construction industry is occurring with the abandonment of traditional design-bid-build contracts toward design-build and integrated project delivery that rely on performance contracting and shared risk and reward.
Off-site construction is a synonymous concept with integrated delivery. Research shows that projects that decide to utilize off-site after the design development phase have demonstrated a negative impact on both schedule and budget as a result of employing modular too late in the process of building delivery. Ideally, stakeholders on off-site projects would ask the following questions across typical project phases as outlined in Prefab Architecture Smith, Some differences that should be considered with off-site delivery versus traditional on-site include:.
The extent or impact of these programs varies from state to state as well as the associated cost of such. Transportation regulations are also handled state-by-state. Therefore, shipping from a state in which a module is manufactured to another state where the site is located will require differing codes, permitting, lead cars, and various associated fees.
Each project should carefully ensure this is well considered. A general rule of thumb is miles maximum for shipping from a manufacturer to a job site. On average, modular manufacturers, for example, are approved to build in 20 states.
Special engineering may be required to ensure modules are structurally robust enough for dynamic load associated with transport. Often, manufacturers or dealers will have their own engineers in-house, in addition to the engineer of record in permanent modular projects that are servicing a traditional design and build team contracted with the owner.
Pick points where the panel or module will be lifted from the truck trailer by a crane and set on-site is to be designed as part of the element structure. Wooden modules may use a wraparound belt strap. The most common crane used for setting elements is a truck mounted hydraulic crane, crawler crane and, in special circumstances, a tower crane.
A determination on who will set the elements should be determined early during contract negotiations. Critical Path Method is the most common method of construction scheduling where trades are stacked sequentially on-site. In off-site construction, concurrent scheduling overrides CPM, requiring a construction professional approach construction scheduling, cost, labor and supply chain management in a radically different way, to the advantage of the overall schedule of the project.
Roof assembly being delivered and installed on-site. The intention here is not to say that off-site generally and any one off-site system is an appropriate solution to every building problem. Off-site has performed better on some building types, with certain building teams and in certain locations.
In cases where these groupings correspond with major groups, the major group heading is also in italics. This group includes the demolition or wrecking of buildings and other structures, the preparation of building sites and the sale of materials from demolished structures. Blasting, test drilling, landfill, levelling, earth-moving, excavating, land drainage and other land preparation. Also included are tunnelling, overburden removal and other development and preparation of mineral properties and sites, except oil and gas sites. The preparation of oil and gas fields is classified under group Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas when performed on own account, and under group Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction excluding surveying when performed on a fee or contract basis, respectively. Service activities provided on a fee or contract basis for mines, such as the removal of coal by subcontractors on behalf of coal mines, is classified under group Service activities incidental to mining of minerals.
Structural Engineers: Roles and Responsibilities
Severstal Steel Solutions designs and manufactures buildings and constructions with the use of steel structures. Steel structures plant in the city of Orel is the main production site with a capacity of 18, t per year. The plant is equipped with high-technology equipment from the leading equipment manufacturers. Availability of skilled production and engineering personnel, infrastructure, ample production areas makes it possible to fulfill orders of various complexity from light steel structures for warehouses to complicated heavy buildings and constructions for industrial plants with complex corrosion protection and fire protection. Since , over projects in various industries and geographical regions from Kaliningrad in the west to Sakhalin and Kamchatka in the east, from the Arctic Circle in the west to the mountains of Armenia in the south have been implemented. AO Severstal Steel Solutions offers an integrated approach to construction projects for industrial application, agricultural sector, administrative and commercial purposes: designing, manufacture, pre-assembly, erection.
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Among the characteristics of a company that shape corporate and therefore manufacturing strategy are its dominant orientation market or product , pattern of diversification product, market, or process , attitude toward growth acceptance of low growth rate , and choice between competitive strategies high profit margins versus high output volumes. Once the basic attitudes or priorities are established, […]. Once the basic attitudes or priorities are established, the manufacturing arm of a company must arrange its structure and management so as to reinforce these corporate aims. When they are operating smoothly, they are almost invisible.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Exceptional Engineering - Mega Diesel Engine - Free Documentary
Off-site construction involves the process of planning , designing, fabricating, transporting and assembling building elements for rapid site assembly to a greater degree of finish than in traditional piecemeal on-site construction. Off-site building includes a range of materials, scales and systems, digital software , methods of manufacture and fabrication, and innovations in social and technological integration. Off-site outputs include componentized, panelized, and modularized elements deployed in the service of structural, enclosure, service and interior partition systems. An optimizing strategy of off-site is to integrate these systems and supply chain through research, design, testing, and prototyping. The modular industry consists of two distinct industry segments: re-locatable modular and permanent modular. Re-locatable modular, sometimes referred to as temporary modular, are structures which meet temporary space needs and can be leased in a short-term agreement or purchased outright. Job site trailers, temporary classrooms, communication pods, and show rooms are some examples.
Designed and manufactured in New Zealand, FRAMECAD's roll-forming equipment integrates innovative engineering, design and production software to produce frames, trusses and joists that are ready to be assembled with ease. The world's most efficient design and manufacturing technology for cold formed steel, FRAMECAD equipment utilizes a specialized servo-drive motor combined with a world-leading encoder system, creating punches, cuts and chamfers with less than 0. Designed to offer increased production speed, greater flexibility and increased reliability, the FiT roll-forming machine is best suited for residential and light commercial projects. Featuring the same versatility as the FiT, this machine features an additional three tooling stations in the punch block, allowing for more functionality and detailed frame manufacturing.
Provide Feedback. Various features include rugged, non-chalking, corrosion resistant interior wall panels, 4 in. Custom manufacturer of modular electrical buildings. Various features include prefabricated, relocatable, welded tubular steel frames, tempered or laminated windows, personnel doors, insulation, removable floor panels, through-wall or roof-top units, fabricated base anchors, wireways, raceways, removable floor panels, cable trays and troughs. Electrical buildings are factory assembled, pre-wired, pre-glazed and pre-finished. Built to protect electrical equipment such as motor control centers MCC , power control centers PCC , switchgears, generators, auxiliary, controls or telecom equipment. Suitable for industrial, commercial, public, institutional and other applications. Manufacturer of precast concrete electrical buildings.
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Call or Request a Quote. Miller Steel Buildings is your single source for design , supply and installation of a complete line of metal building and steel building systems. Miller delivers on price, quality and service. We sell our buildings direct from our factory with no middle man and no dealership costs. In addition we offer our own erection services. If you purchase our steel buildings, you will sign only one contract with Miller for both the material and erection.
A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industry or workshops. Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules , and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops". Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse -like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities. In some countries like Australia, it is common to call a factory building a " Shed  ". Factories may either make discrete products or some type of material continuously produced such as chemicals , pulp and paper , or refined oil products.
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ClearSpan creates the strongest and most durable building solutions and stands by each building with a 50 year warranty on the frame and a 20 year warranty on the covers. This means that customers can proudly retire having been able to use the same ClearSpan building throughout their career. With in-house manufacturing and installation services, ClearSpan can get you the building you need quickly.
How Should You Organize Manufacturing?
The role of the structural engineer is a key component in the construction process. Part of the wider discipline of civil engineering, structural engineering is concerned with the design and physical integrity of buildings and other large structures, like tunnels and bridges. Structural engineers have wide range of responsibilities - not least a duty to ensure the safety and durability of the project on which they are working. Unlike architects, who must focus on the appearance, shape, size and use of the building, structural engineers must solve technical problems - and help the architect achieve his or her vision for the project.
Manufacturing Engineering it is a branch of professional engineering that shares many common concepts and ideas with other fields of engineering such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, and industrial engineering. Manufacturing engineering requires the ability to plan the practices of manufacturing; to research and to develop tools, processes, machines and equipment; and to integrate the facilities and systems for producing quality products with the optimum expenditure of capital. Manufacturing Engineering is based on core industrial engineering and mechanical engineering skills, adding important elements from mechatronics, commerce, economics and business management.
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